Andrew Toole

Associate Professor-Clinical

Contact Information

Postal address: 
338 W. 10th Ave. Room A313 Columbus, OH 43210

Journal articles

  • Scheiman, M., Chase, C., Borsting, E., Mitchell, G. L., Kulp, M. T., & Cotter, S. A. (2018). Effect of treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency on reading in children: a pilot study. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPTOMETRY, 101(4), 585-593. doi:10.1111/cxo.12682
  • Menjivar, A., Kulp, M. T., Mitchell, G. L., Toole, A. J., & Reuter, K. (2018). Screening for Convergence Insufficiency in School-Age Children. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.1111/cxo.12661
  • Manh, V. M., Holmes, J. M., Lazar, E. L., Kraker, R. T., Wallace, D. K., Kulp, M. T., . . . Davis, P. L. (2018). A Randomized Trial of a Binocular iPad Game Versus Part-Time Patching in Children Aged 13 to 16 Years With Amblyopia. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, 186, 104-115. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2017.11.017
  • Widmer, D., Oechslin, T. S., Limbachia, C. B., Kulp, M. T., Toole, A. J., Kashou, N. H., & Fogt, N. F. (2018). Post-therapy fMRI in Adults with Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency. OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE.
  • Oechslin, T., Fogt, N. F., Kashou, N. H., Toole, A. J., Limbachia, C., Widmer, D., & Kulp, M. T. (2017). Imaging of Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Effects (ICITE) Pilot Study: Design and Methods. Vision Developement and Rehabilitation, 3(4).
  • Superstein, R., Dean, T. W., Holmes, J. M., Chandler, D. L., Cotter, S. A., Wallace, D. K., . . . Birch, E. E. (2017). Relationship among clinical factors in childhood intermittent exotropia. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 21(4), 268-273. doi:10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.04.005
  • Ying, G. -S., Maguire, M. G., Kulp, M. T., Ciner, E., Moore, B., Pistilli, M., & Candy, R. (2017). Comparison of cycloplegic refraction between Grand Seiko autorefractor and Retinomax autorefractor in the Vision in Preschoolers-Hyperopia in Preschoolers (VIP-HIP) Study. JOURNAL OF AAPOS, 21(3), 219-223. doi:10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.05.008
  • Holmes, J. M., Manh, V. M., Lazar, E. L., Beck, R. W., Birch, E. E., Kraker, R. T., . . . Wallace, D. K. (2016). Effect of a Binocular iPad Game vs Part-time Patching in Children Aged 5 to 12 Years With Amblyopia. JAMA Ophthalmology, 134(12), 1391. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.4262
  • Home-Based Therapy for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children (2016). Optometry and Vision Science, 93(12), 1457-1465. doi:10.1097/OPX.0000000000000975
  • Ciner, E. B., Kulp, M. T., Maguire, M. G., Pistilli, M., Candy, T. R., Moore, B., . . . Cyert, L. (2016). Visual Function of Moderately Hyperopic 4-and 5-Year-Old Children in the Vision in Preschoolers - Hyperopia in Preschoolers Study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, 170, 143-152. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2016.07.017
  • Ying, G. -S., & Quinn, G. E. (2016). Uncorrected hyperopia and preschool early literacy: results of the Vision in Preschoolers-Hyperopia In Preschoolers (VIP-HIP) Study. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 20(4), e11. doi:10.1016/j.jaapos.2016.07.039
  • Uncorrected Hyperopia and Preschool Early Literacy: Results of the Vision in Preschoolers-Hyperopia in Preschoolers (VIP-HIP) Study. (2016). Ophthalmology, 123(4). doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.11.023
  • Fogt, N., Toole, A. J., & Rogers, D. L. (2016). A review of proximal inputs to the near response. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPTOMETRY, 99(1), 30-38. doi:10.1111/cxo.12301
  • Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial -Attention and Reading Trial (CITT-ART): Design and Methods (2015). Vis Develop Rehab, 1(3).
  • A Randomized Trial Comparing Part-time Patching with Observation for Intermittent Exotropia in Children 12 to 35 Months of Age (2015). OPHTHALMOLOGY, 122(8). doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.04.025
  • Leske, D. A., Holmes, J. M., Michele Melia, B., Miller, A., Jackson, J., Suh, D., . . . Duckman, R. (2015). Evaluation of the intermittent exotropia questionnaire using rasch analysis. JAMA Ophthalmology, 133(4), 461-465. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.5622
  • A Randomized Trial Comparing Part-Time Patching with Observation for Children 3 to 10 Years of Age with Intermittent Exotropia (2014). OPHTHALMOLOGY, 121(12). doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2014.07.021
  • Risk factors for amblyopia in the Vision in Preschoolers (VIP) Study (2014). Ophthalmology, 121.
  • A randomized trial comparing part-time patching with observation for children 3-10 years old with intermittent exotropia (2014). Ophthalmology, 121(12).
  • Prevalence of vision disorders by racial and ethnic group among children participating in Head Start (2014). Ophthalmology, 121.
  • Stereoacuity of preschool children with and without vision disorders (2014). Optometry and Vision Science, 91.
  • Accuracy of noncycloplegic retinoscopy, Retinomax autorefractor and SureSight Vision Screener for detecting significant refractive errors (2014). INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, 6(55).
  • Risk factors for astigmatism in the Vision In Preschoolers (VIP) Study (2014). Optometry and Vision Science, 91(5).
  • Associations between hyperopia and other vision and refractive error characteristics (2014). Optometry and Vision Science, 91.
  • Relationship Between Clinical Signs and Symptoms of Convergence Insufficiency (2013). OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 90.
  • Inter-tester agreement in refractive error measurements (2013). Optometry and Vision Science, 90.
  • Associations of Anisometropia with Unilateral Amblyopia, Interocular Acuity Difference, and Stereoacuity in Preschoolers (2013). Ophthalmology, 120(3).
  • Toole, A. J., Raasch, T. W., Fogt, N., & Brunstetter, T. J. (2011). Evaluation of Single Pixel Step Sizes in Visual Acuity Assessment. OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 88(2), 244-250. doi:10.1097/OPX.0b013e318205a69a
  • Evaluation of Single Pixel Step Sizes in Visual Acuity Assessment (2011). OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 88(2). doi:10.1097/OPX.0b013e318205a69a
  • Impact of Confidence Number on Accuracy of the SureSight Vision Screener (2010). OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 87(2).
  • Effectiveness of Placebo Therapy for Maintaining Masking in a Clinical Trial of Vergence/Accommodative Therapy (2009). INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, 50(6). doi:10.1167/iovs.08-2693
  • Validity of the Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey: A Confirmatory Study (2009). OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 86.
  • Kulp, M. T., Borsting, E., Mitchell, G. L., Scheiman, M., Cotter, S., Cooper, J., . . . Wensveen, J. (2008). Feasibility of using placebo vision therapy in a multicenter clinical trial. OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 85(4), 255-261. doi:10.1097/OPX.0b013e318169288a
  • A randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children (2008). Archives of Ophthalmology, 126(10).
  • The convergence insufficiency treatment trial: design and baseline characteristics (2008). Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 15(1).
  • Feasibility of using a placebo vision therapy/orthoptics control in a multicenter clinical trial (2008). Optometry and Vision Science, 85(4).
  • Toole, A. J., & Fogt, N. (2007). The forced vergence cover test and phoria adaptation. OPHTHALMIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS, 27(5), 461-472. doi:10.1111/j.1475-1313.2007.00498.x
  • Impact of confidence number on the screening accuracy of the retinomax autorefractor (2007). Optometry and Vision Science, 84(3).
  • Stability of visual acuity improvement following discontinuation of amblyopia treatment in children aged 7 to 12 years (2007). Archives of Ophthalmology, 125(5).
  • Does assessing eye alignment along with refractive error or visual acuity increase sensitivity for detection of strabismus in preschool vision screening? (2007). Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 48(7).
  • Children unable to perform screening tests in vision in preschoolers study: proportion with ocular conditions and impact on measures of test accuracy. (2007). Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 48(1).
  • Random Dot E stereotest: testability and reliability in 3- to 5-year-old children (2006). Journal of AAPOS, 10(6).
  • Treatment of anisometropic amblyopia in children with refractive correction (2006). Ophthalmology, 113(6).
  • A randomized trial to evaluate 2 hours of daily patching for strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia in children (2006). Ophthalmology, 113(6).
  • Sensitivity of screening tests for detecting vision in preschoolers-targeted vision disorders when specificity is 94% (2005). OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 82(5).
  • A randomized clinical trial of treatments for convergence insufficiency in children (2005). Archives of Ophthalmology, 123(1).
  • A randomized clinical trial of vision therapy/orthoptics versus pencil pushups for the treatment of convergence insufficiency in young adults (2005). Optometry and Vision Science, 82(7).
  • Schmidt, P., Baumritter, A., Ciner, E., Cyert, L., Dobson, V., Haas, B., . . . Ying, G. S. (2005). Preschool vision screening tests administered by nurse screeners compared with lay screeners in the vision in preschoolers study. INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, 46(8), 2639-2648. doi:10.1167/iovs.05-0141
  • Two-year follow-up of a 6-month randomized trial of atropine vs patching for treatment of moderate amblyopia in children (2005). Archives of Ophthalmology, 123(2).
  • Sensitivity of screening tests for detecting vision in preschoolers-targeted vision disorders when specificity is 94% (2005). Optometry and Vision Science, 82(5).
  • Randomized trial of treatment of amblyopia in children aged 7 to 17 years (2005). Archives of Ophthalmology, 123(4).
  • The effect of amblyopia therapy on ocular alignment (2005). Journal of AAPOS, 9(6).
  • Randomised clinical trial of the effectiveness of base-in prism reading glasses versus placebo reading glasses for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children (2005). British Journal of Ophthalmology, 89(10).
  • Comparison of preschool vision screening tests as administered by licensed eye care professionals in the vision in preschoolers study (2004). OPHTHALMOLOGY, 111(4). doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2004.01.022
  • A randomized trial of atropine regimens for treatment of moderate amblyopia in children (2004). Ophthalmology, 111(11).
  • The electronic visual acuity tester: testability in preschool children (2004). Optometry and Vision Science, 81(4).
  • Comparison of preschool vision screening tests as administered by licensed eye care professionals in the Vision In Preschoolers Study (2004). Ophthalmology, 111(4).
  • Fogt, N., & Toole, A. J. (2001). Effect of saccades and brief fusional stimuli on phoria adaptation. OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE, 78(11), 815-824. doi:10.1097/00006324-200111000-00011

Abstracts

  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision ScienceTitle of Entry: Screening of Children Study: Evaluation of Tests of SuppressionAuthor(s): Pallet L, Kulp M, Mitchell G, Simonson J, Toole A, McDaniel CEPublication Status: PublishedPublication date: October 2017Publisher: Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Optometry, ChicagoEdition: E-abstract 175224Type of Work: AbstractRecord created at source: 18 May 2018
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: How does fMRI brain activity from convergence eye movements compare between normal binoocular vision subjects and those with convergence insufficiency?RIV Author(s): Oechslin, T., Limbachia, C., Fogt, N., Kashou, N., Toole, A., Widmer, D., Kulp, M. APublication Status: PublishedPublication date: November 2016Publisher: E-abstract 160113Type of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: UnknownDescription of Effort: Study Design,...
  • Title of Publication: Vision Development & RehabiliationTitle of Entry: Comparison of convergence- and divergence-related brain activation using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)RIV Author(s): Oechslin, T., Limbachia, C., Fogt, N., Kashou, N., Toole, A., Widmer, D., Kulp, M. APublication Status: PublishedPublication date: March 2016Publisher: Vision Development & Rehabiliation, On-lineType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: UnknownDescription of Effort:...
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: What does divergence look like in an fMRI study of normal binocular vision subjects?RIV Author(s): Widmer, D., Oechslin, T., Limbachia, C., Fogt, N., Toole, A., Kulp, M., Kashou, N.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: October 2015Publisher: Optom Vis Sci, E-abstract 155027Type of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: UnknownDescription of Effort: Study Design, Stimulus Design and Implementation, AnalysisPercent...
  • Title of Publication: Journal of Attention DisordersTitle of Entry: Behavioral and Emotional Problems Associated With Convergence Insufficiency in Children: An Open TrialRIV Author(s): Borsting E, Mitchell GL, Arnold LE, Sheiman M, Chase C, Kulp M, Cotter S, CITT-RS GroupPublication Status: PublishedPublication date: November 2013Publisher: SAGE, Thousand OaksType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewPercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 86Title of Entry: Subjective clarity, visual acuity, and image qualityRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., Raasch, T.W., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2012Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 125605Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 88Title of Entry: Subjective and objective determinations of astigmatism: impact on acuity and best focusRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., Raasch, T.W., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2011Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 115984Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 86Title of Entry: Evaluation of single pixel step sizes in visual acuity assessmentRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., Raasch, T.W., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2009Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 95823Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 86Title of Entry: Evaluation of visual acuity testing and scoring proceduresRIV Author(s): Raasch, T.W., Toole, A.J., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2009Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 95702Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 47Title of Entry: Discriminating asymptomatic from symptomatic subjects following treatment for convergence insufficiencyRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L, Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.G.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2008Publisher: ARVO, RockvilleType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 1123Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 85Title of Entry: Computer-assisted vector subjective refractionRIV Author(s): Raasch, T.W., Toole, A.J., Burcham, M., Kuether, C.L.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2008Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 080011Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 85Title of Entry: Investigation of pattern glare and visual stressRIV Author(s): Buckland, M.J., Kulp, M.T., Mitchell, G.L., Toole, A.J., Earley, M.J.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2008Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 085021Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 84Title of Entry: Relationship between clinical measures and symptoms following treatment for convergence insufficiency in the CITT StudyRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L, Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.G.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2007Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 070006Percent...
  • Title of Publication: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 47Title of Entry: Symptoms and their relationship to positive fusional vergence and the positive fusional vergence/phoria ratio: the CITT Pilot StudyRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L., Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.GPublication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2006Publisher: ARVO, RockvilleType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract...
  • Title of Publication: Journal of Vision, 6Title of Entry: A novel automated method for marking catch-up saccadesRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., & Fogt, N.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2006Publisher: ARVO, RockvilleType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 065010Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 83Title of Entry: The contribution of proximity to the accommodative and vergence responseRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., & Fogt, N.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2006Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 065010Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 82Title of Entry: CITT Pilot: can clinical measures predict symptoms and does the phoria change after therapy for convergence insufficiency (CI)?RIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L, Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.GPublication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2005Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract...
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 82Title of Entry: The influence of forced vergence on phoria adaptationRIV Author(s): Toole, A.J., & Fogt, NPublication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2005Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewDescription of Effort: E-abstract 050057Percent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optometry and Vision Science, 81Title of Entry: An alternative approach to subjective refractionRIV Author(s): Bartell, C., Toole, A.J., & Raasch, T.Publication Status: PublishedPublication date: January 2004Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den RijnType of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: trueType of Review: Peer-ReviewPercent Authorship: 100