Andrew Toole

Associate Professor-Clinical

Contact Information

Postal address: 
338 W. 10th Ave. Room A313 Columbus, OH 43210

Degrees

  • 2008, Ph.D., Ohio State University, The, 26.0909
  • 2000, M.S., Ohio State University, The, 26.0909
  • 1997, O.D., Ohio State University, The, 51.1701

Journal articles

  • Kulp,Marjean,Taylor; Ciner,Elise; Maguire,Maureen; Moore,Bruce; Pentimonti,Jill; Pistilli,Maxwell; Cyert,Lynn; Candy,T,Rowan; Quinn,Graham; Ying,Gui-shuang. "Uncorrected Hyperopia and Preschool Early Literacy: Results of the Vision in Preschoolers-Hyperopia in Preschoolers (VIP-HIP) Study.." Ophthalmology. Vol. 123, no. 4. (April 2016.): 681-689.
  • Fogt,Nick; Toole,Andrew,J; Rogers,David,L. "A review of proximal inputs to the near response." CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPTOMETRY. Vol. 99, no. 1. (January 2016.): 30-38.
  • CITT-ART Investigator Group. "Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial -Attention and Reading Trial (CITT-ART): Design and Methods." Vis Develop Rehab. Vol. 1, no. 3. (October 2015.): 214-228.
  • Mohney,Brian,G; Cotter,Susan,A; Chandler,Danielle,L; Holmes,Jonathan,M; Chen,Angela,M; Melia,Michele; Donahue,Sean,P; Wallace,David,K; Kraker,Raymond,T; Christian,Melanie,L; Suh,Donny,W. "A Randomized Trial Comparing Part-time Patching with Observation for Intermittent Exotropia in Children 12 to 35 Months of Age." OPHTHALMOLOGY. Vol. 122, no. 8. (August 2015.): 1718-1725.
  • Leske DA, Holmes JM, Melia BM, on behalf of Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. "Evaluation of the Intermittent Exotropia Questionnaire using Rasch analysis." JAMA Ophthalmology. Vol. 133, no. 4. (January 2015.): 461-465.
  • Cotter,Susan,A; Mohney,Brian,G; Chandler,Danielle,L; Holmes,Jonathan,M; Repka,Michael,X; Melia,Michele; Wallace,David,K; Beck,Roy,W; Birch,Eileen,E; Kraker,Raymond,T; Tamkins,Susanna,M; Miller,Aaron,M; Sala,Nicholas,A; Glaser,Stephen,R. "A Randomized Trial Comparing Part-Time Patching with Observation for Children 3 to 10 Years of Age with Intermittent Exotropia." OPHTHALMOLOGY. Vol. 121, no. 12. (December 2014.): 2299-2310.
  • Kulp MT, Ying G-S, Huang J, Maguire M, Quinn GE, Ciner EB, Cyert LA, Orel-Bixler DA, Moore BD. "Accuracy of noncycloplegic retinoscopy, Retinomax autorefractor and SureSight Vision Screener for detecting significant refractive errors." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE. Vol. 6, no. 55. (January 2014.): 1378-1358.
  • Pascual M, Huang J, Maguire MG, Kulp MT, Quinn GE, Ciner E, Cyert LA, Orel-Bixler D, Moore B, Ying G-S, and the Vision in Preschoolers (VIP) Study Group. "Risk factors for amblyopia in the Vision in Preschoolers (VIP) Study." Ophthalmology. Vol. 121, (January 2014.): 622-629.
  • Huang J, Maguire MG, Ciner C, Kulp MT, Cyert LA, Quinn GE, Orel-Bixler D, Moore B, Ying G-S, and Vision In Preschoolers (VIP) Study Group. "Risk factors for astigmatism in the Vision In Preschoolers (VIP) Study." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 91, no. 5. (January 2014.): 514-521.
  • Ying G-S, Maguire M, Ciner E, Cyert L, Kulp MT, Quinn GE, Orel-Bixler D, Moore B, and the Vision in Preschoolers (VIP) Study Group. "Prevalence of vision disorders by racial and ethnic group among children participating in Head Start." Ophthalmology. Vol. 121, (January 2014.): 630-636.
  • Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. "A randomized trial comparing part-time patching with observation for children 3-10 years old with intermittent exotropia." Ophthalmology. Vol. 121, no. 12. (January 2014.): 2299-2310.
  • Ciner EB, Ying G-S, Kulp MT, Maguire MG, Quinn GE, Cyert LA, Orel-Bixler D, Moore B, Huang J.. "Stereoacuity of preschool children with and without vision disorders." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 91, (January 2014.): 351-358.
  • Kulp MT, Ying G-S, Huang J, Maguire M, Quinn GE, Ciner EB, Cyert LA, Orel-Bixler DA, Moore BD. "Associations between hyperopia and other vision and refractive error characteristics." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 91, (January 2014.): 383-389.
  • Bade A, Boas M, Gallaway M, Rouse M, Mitchell GL, Scheiman M, Kulp M, Cotter S, CITT Investigator Group. "Relationship Between Clinical Signs and Symptoms of Convergence Insufficiency." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 90, (February 2013.): 988-995.
  • Huang J, Maguire MG, Ciner EB, Kulp MT, Quinn GE, Orel-Bixler D, Cyert LA, Moore B, Ying GS, and Vision In Preschoolers (VIP) Study Group. "Inter-tester agreement in refractive error measurements." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 90, (January 2013.): 1128-1137.
  • Ying GS, Huang J, Maguire MG, Quinn GE, Kulp MT, Ciner E, Cyert LA, Orel-Bixler D, for the Vision In Preschoolers (VIP) Study Group. "Associations of Anisometropia with Unilateral Amblyopia, Interocular Acuity Difference, and Stereoacuity in Preschoolers." Ophthalmology. Vol. 120, no. 3. (January 2013.): 495-503.
  • Toole,Andrew,J; Raasch,Thomas,W; Fogt,Nick; Brunstetter,Tyson,J. "Evaluation of Single Pixel Step Sizes in Visual Acuity Assessment." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 88, no. 2. (February 2011.): 244-250.
  • Schmidt,Paulette; Baumritter,Agnieshka; Ciner,Elise; Cyert,Lynn; Dobson,Velma; Haas,Beth; Kulp,Marjean,Taylor; Maguire,Maureen; Moore,Bruce; Orel-Bixler,Deborah; Peskin,Ellen; Quinn,Graham; Redford,Maryann; Schultz,Janet; Ying,Gui-shuang; Qualley,Pamela; Howard,Dru; Suzuki,Lempi,Miller; Fisher,Sarah; Fong,Darlene; Frane,Sara; Hsiao-Threlkeld,Cindy; Koseoglu,Selim; Moy,A,Mika; Shapiro,Sharyn; Verdon,Lisa; Watson,Tonya; McDonnell,Sean; Paez,Erika; Sloan,Darlene; Smith,Evelyn; Soto,Leticia; Prinz,Robert; Edelstein,Joan; Moe,Beatrice; Bolden,Joanne; Umana,Sandra; Silbert,Amy; Quinn,Nicole; Bordeau,Heather; Carlson,Nancy; Croteau,Amy; Flynn,Micki; Kran,Barry; Ramsey,Jean; Suckow,Melissa; Weissberg,Erik; Chery,Marthedala; Diaz,Maria; Gonzalez,Leticia; Braverman,Edward; Johnson,Rosalyn; Henderson,Charlene; Bonila,Maria; Doherty,Cathy; Peace-Pierre,Cynthia; Saxbe,Ann; Tabb,Vadra; Biddle,Molly; Hudson,Jason; Ackerman,Melanie; Anderson,Sandra; Earley,Michael; Edwards,Kristyne; Evans,Nancy; Gebhart,Heather; Henry,Jay; Hertle,Richard; Hutchinson,Jeffrey; Jenkins,LeVelle; Toole,Andrew; Johnson,Keith; Shoemaker,Richard; Atkinson,Rita; Hochstedler,Fran; James,Tonya; Jones,Tasha; Kellum,June; Martin,Denise; Dunagan,Christina; Cline,Joy; Rund,Sue; Duson,Angela; Parke,Lydia; Boas,Mark; Burgess,Shannon; Copenhaven,Penelope; Francis,Ellie; Gallaway,Michael; Menacker,Sheryl; Schwartz,Janet; Scombordi-Raghu,Brandy; Swiatocha,Janet; Zikoski,Edward; Kennedy,Leslie; Little,Rosemary; Moss,Geneva; Rorie,Latricia; Stokes,Shirley; Figueroa,Jose; Nesmith,Eric; Gold,Gwen; Carter,Ashanti; Harvey,David; Hall,Sandra; Hildebrand,Lisa; Lapsley,Margaret; Quenzer,Cecilia; Rosenbach,Lynn; Cheatham,Linda; Chambless,Anna; Beats,Colby; Carter,Jerry; Coy,Debbie; Long,Jeffrey; Rice,Shelly; Dreadfulwater,Shelly; McCully,Cindy; Wyers,Rod; Blake,Ramona; Boswell,Jamey; Brown,Anna; Fisher,Jeff; Larrison,Jody; Brightwell-Arnold,Mary; Holmes,Christine; James,Andrew; Khvatov,Aleksandr; O'Brien,Lori; Whearry,Claressa. "Impact of Confidence Number on Accuracy of the SureSight Vision Screener." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 87, no. 2. (February 2010.): 96-103.
  • Kulp,Marjean; Mitchell,G,Lynn; Borsting,Eric; Scheiman,Mitchell; Cotter,Susan; Rouse,Michael; Tamkins,Susanna; Mohney,Brian,G; Toole,Andrew; Reuter,Kathleen. "Effectiveness of Placebo Therapy for Maintaining Masking in a Clinical Trial of Vergence/Accommodative Therapy." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE. Vol. 50, no. 6. (June 2009.): 2560-2566.
  • Rouse, M.W., Borsting, E., Mitchell, G.L., Cotter, S.A., Kulp, M.T., Scheiman, M., Barnhardt, C., Bade, A., Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial Investigator Group. "Validity of the Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey: A Confirmatory Study." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 86, (February 2009.): 357-363.
  • Kulp, M.T., Borsting, E., Mitchell, G.L., Scheiman, M., Cotter, S., Cooper, J., Rouse, M.W., London, R., Wensveen, J., CITT Investigator Group. "Feasibility of using a placebo vision therapy/orthoptics control in a multicenter clinical trial." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 85, no. 4. (January 2008.): 255-261.
  • Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial Investigator Group. "A randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children." Archives of Ophthalmology. Vol. 126, no. 10. (January 2008.): 1336-1349.
  • Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial Investigator Group. "The convergence insufficiency treatment trial: design and baseline characteristics." Ophthalmic Epidemiology. Vol. 15, no. 1. (January 2008.): 24-36.
  • Toole,Andrew,J; Fogt,Nick. "The forced vergence cover test and phoria adaptation." OPHTHALMIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS. Vol. 27, no. 5. (September 2007.): 461-472.
  • The Vision in Preschoolers Study Group. "Impact of confidence number on the screening accuracy of the retinomax autorefractor." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 84, no. 3. (January 2007.): 181-188.
  • Hertle, R.W., Scheiman, M.M., Beck, R.W., Chandler, D.L., Bacal, D.A., Birch, E., Chu, R.H., Holmes, J.M., Klimek, D.L., Lee, K.A., Repka, M.X., & Weakley, D.R., Jr.. "Stability of visual acuity improvement following discontinuation of amblyopia treatment in children aged 7 to 12 years." Archives of Ophthalmology. Vol. 125, no. 5. (January 2007.): 655-659.
  • Maguire, M.G. "Children unable to perform screening tests in vision in preschoolers study: proportion with ocular conditions and impact on measures of test accuracy.." Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science. Vol. 48, no. 1. (January 2007.): 83-87.
  • Kulp MT; Vision in Preschoolers Study Group. "Does assessing eye alignment along with refractive error or visual acuity increase sensitivity for detection of strabismus in preschool vision screening?." Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science. Vol. 48, no. 7. (January 2007.): 3115-3125.
  • Wallace, D.K., Edwards, A.R., Cotter, S.A., Beck, R.W., Arnold, R.W., Astle, W.F., Barnhardt, C.N., Birch, E.E., Donahue, S.P., Everett, D.F., Felius, J., Holmes, J.M., Kraker, R.T., Melia, M., Repka, M.X., Sala, N.A., Silbert, D.I., & Weise, K.K.. "A randomized trial to evaluate 2 hours of daily patching for strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia in children." Ophthalmology. Vol. 113, no. 6. (January 2006.): 904-912.
  • Cotter, S.A., Edwards, A.R., Wallace, D.K., Beck, R.W., Arnold, R.W., Astle, W.F., Barnhardt, C.N., Birch, E.E., Donahue, S.P., Everett, D.F., Felius, J., Holmes, J.M., Kraker, R.T., Melia, M., Repka, M.X., Sala, N.A., Silbert, D.I., & Weise, K.K.. "Treatment of anisometropic amblyopia in children with refractive correction." Ophthalmology. Vol. 113, no. 6. (January 2006.): 895-903.
  • Schmidt, P., Maguire, M., Kulp, M.T., Dobson, V., & Quinn, G.. "Random Dot E stereotest: testability and reliability in 3- to 5-year-old children." Journal of AAPOS. Vol. 10, no. 6. (January 2006.): 507-514.
  • Schmidt,P; Baumritter,A; Ciner,E; Cyert,L; Dobson,V; Haas,B; Kulp,M,T; Maguire,M; Moore,B; Orel-Bixler,D; Peskin,E; Quinn,G; Redford,M; Schultz,J; Ying,G,S; Beck,R; Cotter,S; Holmes,J; Maguire,M; Redford,M; Shipp,M; West,S; Ying,G,S; Kulp,M,T; Maguire,M; Ciner,E; Cyert,L; Schmidt,P; Orel-Bixler,D; Qualley,P; Howard,D; Fisher,S; Fong,D; Hsiao,C; Koseoglu,S; Moy,A,M; Shapiro,S; Verdon,L; Watson,T; Trane,S; Friedman,N; Seino,J; McDonnell,S; PAEZ,E; Perea,C; Sloan,D; Smith,E; SOTO,L; Stely-Leonard,A; Moore,B; Bolden,J; Umana,S; Smith,J; Quinn,N; Carlson,N; Suckow,M; Croteau,A; Kran,B; Ramsey,J; Weissberg,E; Kurtz,D; Laby,D; Lyons,S; Chery,M; Gonzalez,L; Braverman,E; CROWLEY,S; Dennehy,P; Jaramillo,B; Kulp,M,T; Biddle,M; Haynes,J; Hudson,J; Edwards,K; Gebhart,H; Hickson,A; Jenkins,L,V; Anderson,S; Evans,N; Henry,J; Hertle,R; Hutchinson,J; Toole,A; Earley,M; Johnson,K; Haas,B; James,T; Martin,D; Dorton,S; Grace,Y; Hisle,T; Jones,C; Smith,B; Bower,R; Ciner,E; Duson,A; Parke,L; Boas,M; Burgess,S; Copenhaven,P; Francis,E; Gallaway,M; Quinn,G; SCHWARTZ,J; Scombordi-Raghu,B; Swiatocha,J; Zikoski,E; Lin,J; Menacker,S; Little,R; Moss,G; Figueroa,J; Hall,B; Nesmith,E; Gold,G; Ciner,D; Jordan,E; Harvey,D; Cyert,L; Cheatham,L; Chambless,A; Beats,C; Coy,D; Long,J; Carter,J; Rice,S; Dunn,J; Harrington,E; Trimble,L; Dreadfulwater,S; McCully,C; Wyers,R; Bingham,E; Taylor,V; Byfield,G; Gower,P; Roastingear,K; Ross,E; Schmidt,P; Haas,B; Maguire,M; Peskin,E; Baumritter,A; Brightwell-Arnold,M; Holmes,C; James,A; Khvatov,A; O'Brien,L; Ying,G,S; Redford,M. "Sensitivity of screening tests for detecting vision in preschoolers-targeted vision disorders when specificity is 94%." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 82, no. 5. (May 2005.): 432-438.
  • Vision in Preschoolers Study Group. "Preschool vision screening tests administered by nurse screeners compared with lay screeners in the vision in preschoolers study." Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science. Vol. 46, no. 8. (January 2005.): 2639-2648.
  • Scheiman, M., Mitchell, G.L., Cotter, S., Kulp, M.T., Cooper, J., Rouse, M., Borsting, E., London, R., & Wensveen, J.. "A randomized clinical trial of vision therapy/orthoptics versus pencil pushups for the treatment of convergence insufficiency in young adults." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 82, no. 7. (January 2005.): 583-595.
  • Scheiman, M., Mitchell, G.L., Cotter, S., Cooper, J., Kulp, M., Rouse, M., Borsting, E., London, R., & Wensveen, J.. "A randomized clinical trial of treatments for convergence insufficiency in children." Archives of Ophthalmology. Vol. 123, no. 1. (January 2005.): 14-24.
  • Scheiman, M.M., Hertle, R.W., Beck, R.W., Edwards, A.R., Birch, E., Cotter, S.A., Crouch, E.R., Jr., Cruz, O.A., Davitt, B.V., Donahue, S., Holmes, J.M., Lyon, D.W., Repka, M.X., Sala, N.A., Silbert, D.I., Suh, D.W., & Tamkins, S.M.. "Randomized trial of treatment of amblyopia in children aged 7 to 17 years." Archives of Ophthalmology. Vol. 123, no. 4. (January 2005.): 437-447.
  • Ying, G.S., Kulp, M.T., Maguire, M., Ciner, E., Cyert, L., & Schmidt, P. "Sensitivity of screening tests for detecting vision in preschoolers-targeted vision disorders when specificity is 94%." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 82, no. 5. (January 2005.): 432-438.
  • Scheiman, M., Cotter, S., Rouse, M., Mitchell, G.L., Kulp, M., Cooper, J., & Borsting, E.. "Randomised clinical trial of the effectiveness of base-in prism reading glasses versus placebo reading glasses for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children." British Journal of Ophthalmology. Vol. 89, no. 10. (January 2005.): 1318-1323.
  • Weakley, D.R.. "Two-year follow-up of a 6-month randomized trial of atropine vs patching for treatment of moderate amblyopia in children." Archives of Ophthalmology. Vol. 123, no. 2. (January 2005.): 149-157.
  • Repka, M.X., Holmes, J.M., Melia, B.M., Beck, R.W., Gearinger, M.D., Tamkins, S.M., & Wheeler, D.T.. "The effect of amblyopia therapy on ocular alignment." Journal of AAPOS. Vol. 9, no. 6. (January 2005.): 542-545.
  • Schmidt,P; Ciner,E; Cyert,L; Dobson,V; Kulp,M,T; Maguire,M; Moore,B; Orel-Bixler,D; Peskin,E; Quinn,G; Redford,M; Schultz,J; Beck,R; Cotter,S; Holmes,J; Shipp,M; West,S; Schmidt,P; Maguire,M; Dobson,V; Quinn,G; Ciner,E; Cyert,L; Kulp,M,T; Moore,B; Orel-Bixler,D; Redford,M; Ying,G,S; Orel-Bixler,D; Qualley,P; Howard,D; Fisher,S; Fong,D; Hsiao,C; Koseoglu,S; Moy,A,M; Shapiro,S; Verdon,L; Watson,T; Frane,S; Friedman,N; Seino,J; McDonnell,S; PAEZ,E; Perea,C; Sloan,D; Smith,E; SOTO,L; Stelly-Leonard,A; Moore,B; Bolden,J; Umana,S; Smith,J; Quinn,N; Carlson,N; Suckow,M; Croteau,A; Kran,B; Ramsey,J; Weissberg,E; Kurtz,D; Laby,D; Lyons,S; Chery,M; Gonzalez,L; Braverman,E; CROWLEY,S; Dennehy,P; Jaramillo,B; Schmidt,P; Kulp,M,T; Biddle,M; Haynes,J; Hudson,J; Edwards,K; Gebhart,H; Hickson,A; Jenkins,L; Anderson,S; Evans,N; Henry,J; Hertle,R; Hutchinson,J; Toole,A; Earley,M; Crawford,S; Reuter,K; Johnson,K; Haas,B; James,T; Martin,D; Dorton,S; Grace,Y; Hisle,T; Jones,C; Smith,B; Bower,R; Ciner,E; Duson,A; Parke,L; Boas,M; Burgess,S; Copenhaven,P; Francis,E; Gallaway,M; Quinn,G; SCHWARTZ,J; Scombordi-Raghu,B; Swiatocha,J; Zikoski,E; Lin,J; Menacker,S; Little,R; Moss,G; Figueroa,J; Hall,B; Nesmith,E; Gold,G; Ciner,D; Jordan,E; Harvey,D; Cyert,L; Cheatham,L; Chambless,A; Beats,C; Coy,D; Long,J; Carter,J; Rice,S; Dunn,J; Harrington,E; Trimble,L; Dreadfulwater,S; McCully,C; Wyers,R; Bingham,E; Taylor,V; Byfield,G; Gower,P; Roastingear,K; Ross,E; Schmidt,P; Haas,B; Maguire,M; Peskin,E; Brightwell-Arnold,M; Holmes,C; James,A; Khvatov,A; O'Brien,L; Whearry,C; Ying,G,S; Redford,M. "Comparison of preschool vision screening tests as administered by licensed eye care professionals in the vision in preschoolers study." OPHTHALMOLOGY. Vol. 111, no. 4. (April 2004.): 637-650.
  • Repka, M.X., Cotter, S.A., Beck, R.W., Kraker, R.T., Birch, E.E., Everett, D.F., Hertle, R.W., Holmes, J.M., Quinn, G.E., Sala, N.A., Scheiman, M.M., Stager, D.R., Sr., & Wallace, D.K.. "A randomized trial of atropine regimens for treatment of moderate amblyopia in children." Ophthalmology. Vol. 111, no. 11. (January 2004.): 2076-2085.
  • Schmidt, P., Maguire, M., Dobson, V., Quinn, G., Ciner, E., Cyert, L., Kulp, M.T., Moore, B., Orel-Bixler, D., Redford, M., & Ying, G.S.. "Comparison of preschool vision screening tests as administered by licensed eye care professionals in the Vision In Preschoolers Study." Ophthalmology. Vol. 111, no. 4. (January 2004.): 637-650.
  • Kulp, M.T., Dobson, V., Peskin, E., Quinn, G., & Schmidt, P. "The electronic visual acuity tester: testability in preschool children." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 81, no. 4. (January 2004.): 238-244.
  • Fogt, N., & Toole, A.J.. "The effect of saccades and brief fusional stimuli on phoria." Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 78, no. 11. (November 2001.): 815-824.
  • Fogt,N; Toole,A,J. "Effect of saccades and brief fusional stimuli on phoria adaptation." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 78, no. 11. (November 2001.): 815-824.
  • A randomized trial comparing part-time patching with observation for intermittent exotropia in children 12 to 35 months of age. "Home-Based Therapy for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial." Ophthalmology. -.
  • Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. "Home-Based Therapy for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial." Ophthalmology. -.

Abstracts

  • Oechslin, T., Limbachia, C., Fogt, N., Kashou, N., Toole, A., Widmer, D., Kulp, M. A. "How does fMRI brain activity from convergence eye movements compare between normal binoocular vision subjects and those with convergence insufficiency?." E-abstract 160113. (November 2016.): -.
  • Oechslin, T., Limbachia, C., Fogt, N., Kashou, N., Toole, A., Widmer, D., Kulp, M. A. "Comparison of convergence- and divergence-related brain activation using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)." On-line. (March 2016.): -.
  • Widmer, D., Oechslin, T., Limbachia, C., Fogt, N., Toole, A., Kulp, M., Kashou, N.. "What does divergence look like in an fMRI study of normal binocular vision subjects?." E-abstract 155027. (October 2015.): -.
  • Borsting E, Mitchell GL, Arnold LE, Sheiman M, Chase C, Kulp M, Cotter S, CITT-RS Group. "Behavioral and Emotional Problems Associated With Convergence Insufficiency in Children: An Open Trial." Thousand Oaks. (November 2013.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., Raasch, T.W., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.. "Subjective clarity, visual acuity, and image quality." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2012.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., Raasch, T.W., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.. "Subjective and objective determinations of astigmatism: impact on acuity and best focus." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2011.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., Raasch, T.W., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.. "Evaluation of single pixel step sizes in visual acuity assessment." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2009.): -.
  • Raasch, T.W., Toole, A.J., Fogt, N.F., Brunstetter, T.J.. "Evaluation of visual acuity testing and scoring procedures." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2009.): -.
  • Buckland, M.J., Kulp, M.T., Mitchell, G.L., Toole, A.J., Earley, M.J.. "Investigation of pattern glare and visual stress." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2008.): -.
  • Raasch, T.W., Toole, A.J., Burcham, M., Kuether, C.L.. "Computer-assisted vector subjective refraction." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2008.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L, Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.G.. "Discriminating asymptomatic from symptomatic subjects following treatment for convergence insufficiency." Rockville. (January 2008.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L, Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.G.. "Relationship between clinical measures and symptoms following treatment for convergence insufficiency in the CITT Study." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2007.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L., Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.G. "Symptoms and their relationship to positive fusional vergence and the positive fusional vergence/phoria ratio: the CITT Pilot Study." Rockville. (January 2006.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., & Fogt, N.. "The contribution of proximity to the accommodative and vergence response." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2006.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., & Fogt, N.. "A novel automated method for marking catch-up saccades." Rockville. (January 2006.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., Mitchell, G.L, Kulp, M.T., Earley, M.J., & CITT S.G. "CITT Pilot: can clinical measures predict symptoms and does the phoria change after therapy for convergence insufficiency (CI)?." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2005.): -.
  • Toole, A.J., & Fogt, N. "The influence of forced vergence on phoria adaptation." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2005.): -.
  • Bartell, C., Toole, A.J., & Raasch, T.. "An alternative approach to subjective refraction." Alphen aan den Rijn. (January 2004.): -.