Angela Brown

Professor

Contact Information

Postal address: 
338 W 10th Ave Room 558 Columbus, OH 43210

Biographical narrative

Dr. Angela M. Brown is an experimental psychologist who studies the sensory development of the human visual system. After a Master's degree in Experimental Psychology (Rutgers University, 1975), she studied visual sensation and perception in the departments of Psychology and Ophthalmology at the University of Michigan. She received her Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from the University of Michigan in 1981, with a dissertation on human color vision. She completed her training with a postdoctoral year at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, NJ. and three years as a research scientist at the University of Washington.

Her primary area of research is visual development, and includes work on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and contrast discrimination, infant color vision, and infant vernier acuity. She has recently received a major individual research grant from the National Eye Institute, in collaboration with Precision Vision., Inc., to develop the Newborn Acuity Cards and the Newborn Contrast Cards, for use on full-term and pre-term infants.

Her recent work, in collaboration with Dr. Gregory Hopkins and Dr. Bradley Dougherty of the College of Optometry, demonstrated the clinical usefulness of the Ohio Contrast Cards, which are a test of contrast sensitivity to be used in conjunction with the Teller Acuity Cards.

She also collaborates with Prof. Delwin T. Lindsey, of the Ohio State University Department of Psychology, in studies of the naming of colors by people around the world. So far, they have worked extensively on American English, Japanese, and Somali, and they have also studied the naming and understanding of colors by the Hadza people of Tanzania, one of the last remaining hunger-gatherer societies in the world.

Degrees

  • 1981, Ph.D., University of Michigan
  • 1975, M.S., Rutgers University

Journal articles

  • Lindsey,Delwin,T; Brown,Angela,M; Reijnen,Ester; Rich,Anina,N; Kuzmova,Yoana,I; Wolfe,Jeremy,M. "Color Channels, Not Color Appearance or Color Categories, Guide Visual Search for Desaturated Color Targets." PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. Vol. 21, no. 9. (September 2010.): 1208-1214.
  • Lindsey,Delwin,T; Brown,Angela,M. "World Color Survey color naming reveals universal motifs and their within-language diversity." PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Vol. 106, no. 47. (November 2009.): 19785-19790.
  • Brown,Angela,M; Lindsey,Delwin,T. "Contrast Insensitivity: The Critical Immaturity in Infant Visual Performance." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 86, no. 6. (June 2009.): 572-576.
  • Brown,Angela,M; Lindsey,Delwin,T; Satgunam,PremNandhini; Miracle,Jaime,A. "Critical immaturities limiting infant binocular stereopsis." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE. Vol. 48, no. 3. (March 2007.): 1424-1434.
  • Brown, A.M. & Lindsey, D.T.. "The geography of color naming and color categorization.." (January 2007.): -.
  • Lindsey, D.T. & Brown, A.M.. "Color naming modes and color naming concordance in the World Color Survey.." (January 2007.): -.
  • Brown, Angela, M; Lindsey, Delwin, T; Satgunam, Premnandhini; Miracle, Jaime A. "Critical immaturities limiting infant binocular stereopsis.." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. Vol. 48, no. 3. (January 2007.): 1424-34.
  • Lindsey,Delwin,T; Brown,Angela,M. "Universality of color names." PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Vol. 103, no. 44. (October 2006.): 16608-16613.
  • Lindsey, Delwin, T; Brown, Angela M. "Universality of color names.." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Vol. 103, no. 44. (January 2006.): 16608-13.
  • Brown, Angela, M; Adusumilli, Veena; Lindsey, Delwin T. "Detection of vernier and contrast-modulated stimuli with equal Fourier energy spectra by infants and adults.." Journal of vision. Vol. 5, no. 3. (January 2005.): 230-43.
  • Brown,A,M; Adusumilli,V; Lindsey,D,T. "Detection of vernier and contrast-modulated stimuli with equal Fourier energy spectra by infants and adults." JOURNAL OF VISION. Vol. 5, no. 3. (January 2005.): 230-243.
  • Lindsey,D,T; Brown,A,M. "Sunlight and "blue" - The prevalence of poor lexical color discrimination within the "grue'' range." PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. Vol. 15, no. 4. (April 2004.): 291-294.
  • Lindsey, Delwin, T; Brown, Angela M. "Sunlight and "Blue": the prevalence of poor lexical color discrimination within the "grue" range.." Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS. Vol. 15, no. 4. (January 2004.): 291-4.
  • Lindsey, Delwin, T; Brown, Angela M. "Masking of grating detection in the isoluminant plane of DKL color space.." Visual neuroscience. Vol. 21, no. 3. (January 2004.): 269-73.
  • Brown, Angela, M; Lindsey, Delwin T. "Color and language: worldwide distribution of Daltonism and distinct words for "blue".." Visual neuroscience. Vol. 21, no. 3. (January 2004.): 409-12.
  • Brown,A,M; Miracle,J,A. "Early binocular vision in human infants: limitations on the generality of the Superposition Hypothesis." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 43, no. 14. (June 2003.): 1563-1574.
  • Brown, Angela, M; Miracle, Jaime A. "Early binocular vision in human infants: limitations on the generality of the Superposition Hypothesis.." Vision research. Vol. 43, no. 14. (January 2003.): 1563-74.
  • Lindsey,D,T; Brown,A,M. "Color naming and the phototoxic effects of sunlight on the eye." PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. Vol. 13, no. 6. (November 2002.): 506-512.
  • Lindsey, Delwin, T; Brown, Angela M. "Color naming and the phototoxic effects of sunlight on the eye.." Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS. Vol. 13, no. 6. (January 2002.): 506-12.
  • Dobson,V; Brown,A,M; Harvey,E,M; Narter,D,B. "Visual field extent in children 3.5-30 months of age tested with a double-arc LED perimeter." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 38, no. 18. (September 1998.): 2743-2760.
  • Dobson, V; Brown, A, M; Harvey, E, M; Narter, D B. "Visual field extent in children 3.5-30 months of age tested with a double-arc LED perimeter.." Vision research. Vol. 38, no. 18. (January 1998.): 2743-60.
  • Brown,A,M. "Vernier acuity in human infants: Rapid emergence shown in a longitudinal study." OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE. Vol. 74, no. 9. (September 1997.): 732-740.
  • Brown, A M. "Vernier acuity in human infants: rapid emergence shown in a longitudinal study.." Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry. Vol. 74, no. 9. (January 1997.): 732-40.
  • Brown,A,M; Lindsey,D,T; MCSWEENEY,E,M; Walters,M,M. "INFANT LUMINANCE AND CHROMATIC CONTRAST SENSITIVITY - OPTOKINETIC NYSTAGMUS DATA ON 3-MONTH-OLDS." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 35, no. 22. (November 1995.): 3145-3160.
  • Brown, A, M; Lindsey, D, T; McSweeney, E, M; Walters, M M. "Infant luminance and chromatic contrast sensitivity: optokinetic nystagmus data on 3-month-olds.." Vision research. Vol. 35, no. 22. (January 1995.): 3145-60.
  • Brown,A,M. "INTRINSIC CONTRAST NOISE AND INFANT VISUAL CONTRAST DISCRIMINATION." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 34, no. 15. (August 1994.): 1947-1964.
  • Brown, A M. "Intrinsic contrast noise and infant visual contrast discrimination.." Vision research. Vol. 34, no. 15. (January 1994.): 1947-64.
  • Brown, A.M.. "Intrinsic noise and infant visual performance.." Early Visual Development: Normal and Abnormal. (January 1993.): -.
  • Brown, A M. "Development of visual sensitivity to light and color vision in human infants: a critical review.." Vision research. Vol. 30, no. 8. (January 1990.): 1159-88.
  • Brown, A, M; Teller, D Y. "Chromatic opponency in 3-month-old human infants.." Vision research. Vol. 29, no. 1. (January 1989.): 37-45.
  • Brown, A.M.. "Issues in human color development.." Seeing Contour and Colour. Vol. Kulikowski, Dickinson, and Murray, eds. Pergamon Press,Oxford, (January 1989.): -.
  • Brown,A,M; Teller,D,Y. "CHROMATIC OPPONENCY IN 3-MONTH-OLD HUMAN INFANTS." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 29, no. 1. (January 1989.): 37-45.
  • CLAVADETSCHER,J,E; Brown,A,M; ANKRUM,C; Teller,D,Y. "SPECTRAL SENSITIVITY AND CHROMATIC DISCRIMINATIONS IN 3-WEEK-OLD AND 7-WEEK-OLD HUMAN INFANTS." JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA A-OPTICS IMAGE SCIENCE AND VISION. Vol. 5, no. 12. (December 1988.): 2093-2105.
  • Brown,A,M. "SATURATION OF ROD-INITIATED SIGNALS IN 2-MONTH-OLD HUMAN INFANTS." JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA A-OPTICS IMAGE SCIENCE AND VISION. Vol. 5, no. 12. (December 1988.): 2145-2158.
  • Clavadetscher, J, E; Brown, A, M; Ankrum, C; Teller, D Y. "Spectral sensitivity and chromatic discriminations in 3- and 7-week-old human infants.." Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics and image science. Vol. 5, no. 12. (January 1988.): 2093-105.
  • Brown, A M. "Saturation of rod-initiated signals in 2-month-old human infants.." Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics and image science. Vol. 5, no. 12. (January 1988.): 2145-58.
  • Teller, D.Y. & Brown A.M.. "The development of visual function.." Handbook of Human Grown and Developmental Biology, B.: Sensory, Motor , and Integrative Development.. Vol. E. Mesami and P.S. Timiras, eds., (January 1987.): 193-200.
  • Brown,A,M; Dobson,V; Maier,J. "VISUAL-ACUITY OF HUMAN INFANTS AT SCOTOPIC, MESOPIC AND PHOTOPIC LUMINANCES." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 27, no. 10. (January 1987.): 1845-1858.
  • Brown, A, M; Dobson, V; Maier, J. "Visual acuity of human infants at scotopic, mesopic and photopic luminances.." Vision research. Vol. 27, no. 10. (January 1987.): 1845-58.
  • Krauskopf,J; Williams,D,R; MANDLER,M,B; Brown,A,M. "HIGHER-ORDER COLOR MECHANISMS." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 26, no. 1. (January 1986.): 23-32.
  • Brown, A M. "Scotopic sensitivity of the two-month-old human infant.." Vision research. Vol. 26, no. 5. (January 1986.): 707-10.
  • Brown, A, M; Yamamoto, M. "Visual acuity in newborn and preterm infants measured with grating acuity cards.." American journal of ophthalmology. Vol. 102, no. 2. (January 1986.): 245-53.
  • Krauskopf, J; Williams, D, R; Mandler, M, B; Brown, A M. "Higher order color mechanisms.." Vision research. Vol. 26, no. 1. (January 1986.): 23-32.
  • Brown, A.M.. "Psychophysical measurement of visual acuity in infants and young children.." J. of Hyogo Ophthalmological Assoc.. Vol. 87, (January 1985.): 40-45.
  • Yamamoto, M. & Brown, A.M.. "Grating acuity cards for use with premature infants.." Folia Opththlmologica Japonica. Vol. 36, (January 1985.): 796-799.
  • Brown,A,M. "DARK-ADAPTATION OF THE LONG-WAVELENGTH SENSITIVE CONES." VISION RESEARCH. Vol. 23, no. 9. (January 1983.): 837-843.
  • Brown, A M. "Dark adaptation of the long-wavelength sensitive cones.." Vision research. Vol. 23, no. 9. (January 1983.): 837-43.

Honors

  • The Galileo Award, 2000
  • Certificate of appreciation, 1994

Presentations

  • "Worldwide distribution of color terms: the dictionary project.." Presented at Society for Psychological Anthropology, . (April 2007)
  • "Universal color categories in the World Color Survey." Presented at Society for Psychological Anthropology, . (April 2007)
  • Presented at University of Houston College of Optometry, . (March 2006)
  • Presented at Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, University of Nijmegen, . (December 2003)
  • Presented at Societe pour l'optique physiologique, Hopital des Quinze-Vignts, . (October 2001)
  • Presented at Laboratoire de psycho-biologie du developpement (Paris VIII et Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes), . (October 2001)
  • Presented at Cerveau et vision (INSERM Unite 371), . (September 2001)
  • Presented at American Academy of Optometry, . (August 1999)
  • Presented at Institut pour Ingenierie de la vision, Universite Jean Monnet, . (July 1997)
  • Presented at INSERM, Unite 371, Cerveau et Vision, . (June 1997)
  • Presented at The Ohio State University, Department of Speech and Hearing, . (April 1996)
  • Presented at Columbia University, Department of Psychology, . (March 1996)
  • Presented at Department of Psychology, Wright State University, . (November 1994)
  • Presented at The Ohio State University, Center for Cognitive Science, . (May 1992)
  • Presented at NATO Advanced Study Institute, . (May 1991)
  • Presented at National Research Council Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Vision Winter Meeting, . (March 1991)
  • Presented at The Ohio State University, Department of Speech and Hearing, . (February 1991)
  • Presented at The Ohio State University College of Optometry, . (March 1990)
  • Presented at Department of Psychology, New York University, . (October 1989)
  • Presented at Department of Ophthalmology, University of Michigan, . (April 1989)
  • Presented at College of Optometry, Univ. of Calif. at Berkeley, . (March 1989)
  • Presented at The Retina Foundation, . (March 1989)
  • Presented at American Academy of Optometry, . (December 1988)
  • Presented at Department of Clinical Sciences, SUNY State College of Optometry, . (June 1988)
  • Presented at Department of Ophthalmology, Yale University, . (November 1987)
  • Presented at Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, . (March 1987)
  • Presented at Optical Society of America, . (October 1986)
  • Presented at Schnurmacher Institute for Vision Research, SUNY State College of Optometry, . (May 1986)
  • Presented at Karolinska Hospital, . (September 1985)
  • Presented at Kyoto University, . (October 1984)
  • Presented at Nagoya University School of Medicine, . (September 1984)
  • Presented at Hyogo Ophthalmological Association, . (September 1984)
  • Presented at Jikei College of Medicine, . (August 1984)
  • Presented at Kobe Children's Hospital, . (July 1984)

Abstracts

  • Lindsey DT, Brown AM. "Achromatic Color Naming.." Vol. Abstract #660, . (January 2007.): -.
  • Lindsey DT, Brown AM. "Color Name Evolution in the World Color Survey: a K-Means Analysis.." Abstract #356. (January 2006.): -.
  • Brown AM, Lindsey DT, Miracle JA, & Satgunam P. "Psychometric functions for stereopsis in human infants. Poster presented at ARVO.." Vol. 46, Fort Lauderdale, FL. (January 2005.): E-abstract 5630.
  • Brown AM, Lindsey DT, Miracle JA, Satgunum P. "D-max for stereopsis in human infants.." . (January 2005.): -.
  • Lindsey DT, Brown AM. "Color naming and color consensus: "Blue" is special.." Vol. http://journalofvision.org/4/8/55/, Sarasota, FL. (January 2004.): -.
  • Brown AM, Lindsey DT. "The color BLUE: the dictionary project.." Sarasota, FL http://journalofvision/4/8/308/. (January 2004.): -.
  • Lindsey DT, Brown AM. "Detection of chromatic gratings in noise: field sensitivity and additivity within chromatic channels.." Sarasota, FL, http://journalofvision.org/3/9/710/. (January 2003.): -.
  • Adusumilli V, Brown AM. "Vernier and Contrast Identification in Amblyopic Subjects. Poster presented at ARVO.." Vol. 44, Fort Lauderdale, FL. (January 2003.): E-Abstract 4805.
  • Lindsey DT, Brown AM.. "Detection of chromatic gratings in noise: field sensitivities and additivity within chromatic channels.." Vol. http://journalofvision.org/3/9/710/, Sarasota Florida. (January 2003.): -.
  • Brown AM, Lindsey DT. "Language and color: the worldwide prevalence of Daltonism and a distinct word for "blue".." http://orlab.optom.unsw.edu.au/ICVS/. (January 2003.): -.
  • Brown AM, Miracle JA, Lindsey DT. "Infant Stereopsis Development: Limitations on the Generality of the Superposition Hypothesis Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 44, Fort Lauderdale, FL. (January 2003.): E-abstract 1996.
  • Lindsey DT, Brown AM. "Field sensitivity curves in the isoluminant plane of DKL color space Field sensitivity curves in the isoluminant plane of DKL color space.." http://orlab.optom.unsw.edu.au/ICVS/. (January 2003.): -.
  • Lindsey DT, Denys K, Brown AM, Orban GA. "fMRI correlates of isoluminant motion perception.." Sarasota Florida http://journalofvision.org/2/7/258/. (January 2002.): -.
  • Brown AM, Lindsey DT. "The color blue: a physiological explanation for a linguistic phenomenom.." Sarasota Florida http://journalofvision.org/1/3/59. (January 2001.): -.
  • Dr. Angela Margaret Brown. "Rapid development of vernier acuity and stereopsis in infancy are correctly predicted from infant contrast sensitivity. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 40(4), . (January 1999.): S395-.
  • Brown AM, George KH. "The point of subjective equality between vernier and contrast modulated stimuli in 12-wk-old infants.." Seattle, WA. (January 1999.): -.
  • Dr. Angela Margaret Brown. "Detection vs. identification can be studied using only detection data. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 38(4), . (January 1997.): 2295-.
  • Brown AM, Walters MM. "Infant vernier acuity and contrast discrimination: a paradoxical prediction is resolved by tigonometry. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 36(4), . (January 1995.): S442 Abstract #2027-.
  • Hansen RM, Brown AM, Fulton AB. "Rod function in patients with retinal degenerations. Poster presented at ARVO.." Vol. 35(4), . (January 1994.): 1831-.
  • Brown AM, Lindsey DT, McSweeney EM, Walters MM. "Luminance contrast insensitivity is responsible for poor infant color vision. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 35(4), . (January 1994.): 1571-.
  • Brown AM, & Lindsey DT.. "Motion photometry measured on human infants. Poster presented at ARVO.." Vol. 34, . (January 1993.): 1355-.
  • Brown AM, Fulton AB, Hansen R. "Rod morphology and infant scotopic sensitivity. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 33(4), . (January 1992.): 714-.
  • Dr. Angela Margaret Brown. "Sensory noise in the visual system of the infant. Poster presented at ARVO.." Vol. 32(4), . (January 1991.): 1043-.
  • Dr. Angela Margaret Brown. "Contrast sensitivity and contrast discrimination in human infants.." Boston MA. (January 1990.): -.
  • Brown AM, Wu H-C. "Discrimination of large orientation differences in a visual search task. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Optical Society of America.." Vol. 11, Orlando, FL. (January 1989.): 67-.
  • Brown AM. "Saturation of rod-initiated signals in 2-month-old human infants. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Optical meeting of the Optical Society of America.." Vol. 11, Santa Clara, CA. (January 1988.): 67-.
  • Brown AM. "Issues in human color vision development. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Northern Eye Institute.." Unversity of Manchester Institute of Technology, Manchester, England.. (January 1987.): -.
  • Yamamoto M, Takafumi J, Brown AM. "Grating Visual acuity in infants.." Italy. (January 1986.): -.
  • Clavadetscher JE, Ankrum C, Brown AM, & Teller DY. "Differences in infant and adult brightness matches and chromatic discrimination.." West Germany. (January 1986.): -.
  • Brown AM, Liman ER, Teller DY. "Chromatic opponency in 3-month-old infants. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 27, . (January 1986.): 265-.
  • Brown AM, Yamamoto M. "Visual acuity in preterm and newborn infants. Poster presented at ARVO.." Vol. 26, . (January 1985.): 216-.
  • Teller DY, & Brown AM. "Shape variations of infant psychometric functions with field size adaptation. Poster presented at ARVO.." Vol. 26, . (January 1985.): 136-.
  • Yamamoto M, Brown AM. "Vision testing of premature infants using grating acuity card procedures. Paper presented at the 50th Mid-Japan Ophthalmological Congress." Kyoto, Japan. (January 1984.): -.
  • Brown AM.. "Scotopic sensitivity of 2-month-old infants. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 25, . (January 1984.): 161-.
  • Krasukopf J, Brown AM, Williams D. "Discriminiation and detection of chromatic variation. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 24, . (January 1983.): 205-.
  • Brown AM.. "Dark adaptation of pi-5: Evidence for non-univariance. Paper presented at ARVO.." Vol. 20, . (January 1981.): -.