Peter King-Smith

Faculty Emeritus

Contact Information

Postal address: 
338 W 10th Ave Room 558 Columbus, OH 43210

Biographical narrative

OTHER EXPERTISE
B.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Physics were obtained at Cambridge University, after which an M.Sc. degree in Physiology was obtained from University College, London. Post doctoral work at Edinburgh and Oxford Universities was involved with studies of color vision and electro-physiology of the pigeon. A further post-doctoral year was spent at Florida State University studying visual pigments using retinal densitometry. Nine years were then spent as a Lecturer and then Senior Lecturer in the Ophthalmic Optics (Optometry) Department of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology; teaching responsibilities were courses in psychophysics and electro-physiology and research interests included basic and clinical psychophysical studies. Since 1980, he served as Associate and then Full Professor at the O.S.U. College of Optometry. Teaching assignments have been courses on monocular sensory processes and physical optics for the professional students, and a number of different courses (typically 2 to 3 over a 2 year cycle) for graduate students. Research interests have included clinical psychophysics and electro-physiology; recently, his work has been related to the theory of efficient threshold measurement and to measuring the thickness of the tear film. Dr. King-Smith organizes the Visual Science Seminars which are held in the College as a way of encouraging interaction between vision scientists from around the campus.

Journal articles

  • Interferometric imaging of the full thickness of the precorneal tear film. (2006). Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision, 23(9).
  • Thinning rate of the precorneal and prelens tear films. (2005). Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 46(7).
  • The impact of contact lens care solutions on the thickness of the tear film and contact lens. (2005). Cornea, 24(7).
  • The thickness of the tear film. (2004). Current eye research, 29(4-5).
  • Evaporation from the human tear film studied by interferometry. (2002). Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 506(Pt A).
  • The thickness of the human precorneal tear film: evidence from reflection spectra. (2000). Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 41(11).
  • Opponent-color detection threshold asymmetries may result from reduction of ganglion cell subpopulations. (1994). Visual neuroscience, 11(1).
  • Factors in using color video monitors for the assessment of visual thresholds. (1986). Color Research and Application, 11(supplement).
  • Stray light contribution to the focal electroretinogram. (1986). Clin. Vision Sci., 1.
  • Luminance and color dysfunction in retrobulbar neuritis. (1982). Docum. Ophthal. Proc. Series, 33.

Abstracts

  • Title of Publication: ARVO meeting.Title of Entry: Roughness of the corneal surface studied by interferometry.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Kimball SH, and Nichols JJ.Publication date: January 2007Type of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO meeting.Title of Entry: Contributions of evaporation and tear flow to tear film thinning and breakup.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, and Nichols JJ.Publication date: January 2006Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: American Academy of Optometry Annual MeetingTitle of Entry: Agreement of central corneal thickness measures produced by an ultrasonic pachymeter versus four optical instruments.RIV Author(s): Williams R, Fink B, and King-Smith PE.Publication date: January 2006Volume: Program Number 060012Type of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: American Academy of Optometry Annual MeetingTitle of Entry: Improving interferometric tear thickness by using longer wavelengths.RIV Author(s): Kimball SH, King-Smith PE, and Nichols JJ.Publication date: January 2006Volume: Program Number 060013Type of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: American Academy of Optometry Annual MeetingTitle of Entry: Measurement of the impact of evaporation on pre-lens tear film thinning and thickness.RIV Author(s): Lee K, Skadahl EJ, King-Smith PE and Nichols JJPublication date: January 2006Volume: Program Number 060012Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO meeting.Title of Entry: Tear film thickness and thinning rate following a six week trial of 2% diquafasol tetrasodium vs. placebo in dry eye patients.RIV Author(s): Nichols KK, Nichols JJ, King-Smith PE, and Kellerman DJPublication date: January 2006Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO meeting.Title of Entry: Human tear film breakup studied by a new imaging interferometer: preliminary observations.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, Hill RM, Nichols JJ, and Nichols KK.Publication date: January 2005Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: The Ocular SurfaceTitle of Entry: Bubbles in the tear fim, white lipid spots and tear film breakup.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, and Braun RJ.Publication date: January 2004Volume: 3RIV Pages: S80Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO annual meeting.Title of Entry: Can the mucus layer of the tear film be demonstrated by interferometry?RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Nichols KK, and Wood JE.Publication date: January 2004Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: The Ocular SurfaceTitle of Entry: Further analysis of the two reflecting surfaces of the human corneal epithelium which are demonstrated by interferometry.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Nichols KK, and Shewring JE.Publication date: January 2004Volume: 3RIV Pages: S81Type of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: Tear film thickness: responsiveness to potential cognitive demands.RIV Author(s): Gardner C, King-Smith PE, Nichols KK, and Nichols JJ.Publication date: January 2004Volume: 81 (supplement)RIV Pages: 253Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: The Ocular SurfaceTitle of Entry: An interferometric imaging method for studying the three dimensional structure of the human precorneal tear film.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, and Hill RM.Publication date: January 2004Volume: 3RIV Pages: S80Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: The Ocular SurfaceTitle of Entry: Mechanisms of precorneal and prelens tear film thinning.RIV Author(s): Nichols JJ, Mitchell GL, and King-Smith PE.Publication date: January 2004Volume: 3RIV Pages: S96Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: Accuracy and reliability of thickness measurements by optical coherence tomography.RIV Author(s): Williams R, Twa M, Mitchell GL, Fink BA, and King-Smith PE.Publication date: January 2004Volume: 81 (supplement)RIV Pages: 251Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: The Ocular SurfaceTitle of Entry: Contact lens and tear film thickness measures associated with different multipurpose care solutions.RIV Author(s): Nichols JJ, and King-Smith PEPublication date: January 2004Volume: 3RIV Pages: S97Type of Work: AbstractReviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Academy of Optometry Annual MeetingTitle of Entry: Interferometric analysis of reflections from the tear film and ocular surface.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Nichols KK, and Wood JE.Publication date: January 2003Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO MeetingTitle of Entry: Is inferior tear film thinner than superior tear film?RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Nichols KK, and Wood JE.Publication date: January 2003Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO MeetingTitle of Entry: In vivo Measurement of the Thickness of Human Corneal Endothelium and Descemet's Membrane Using Interferometry.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, Nichols JJ, Nichols KK, Hill RM, and Markakis G.Publication date: January 2002Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: The effect of eye closure on the post-lens tear film during silicon hydrogel contact lens wear.RIV Author(s): Nichols JJ, and King-Smith PE.Publication date: January 2002Volume: 79 (supplement)RIV Pages: 258Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: Why does dry eye affect inferior cornea more than superior cornea?RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Nichols KK, and Wood JE.Publication date: January 2002Volume: 79 (supplement)RIV Pages: 308Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: In-vivo thickness of the pre- and post-lens tear film and silicone hydrogel contact lenses measured by interferometry.RIV Author(s): Nichols JJ, and King-Smith PEPublication date: January 2001Volume: 78 (supplement)RIV Pages: 51Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Invest Ophthalmol Vis SciTitle of Entry: Precision of corneal thickness measurements from reflection specta: comparison with Orbscan, Optical Coherence Tomography and Ultrasound Pachymetry.RIV Author(s): Markakis GA, King-Smith PE, Roberts CJ, and Lembach RG.Publication date: January 2001Volume: 42RIV Pages: S528Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Optom Vis SciTitle of Entry: Noninvasive measurement of the thickness of the human corneal endothelium and Descemet's membrane.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, Nichols JJ, Nichols KK, and Hill RMPublication date: January 2001Volume: 78 (supplement)RIV Pages: 25Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: Invest Ophthalmol Vis SciTitle of Entry: The thickness of the pre- and post-lens tear film and of contact lenses measured by interferometry.RIV Author(s): Nichols JJ, and King-Smith PE.Publication date: January 2001Volume: 42RIV Pages: S595Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO MeetingTitle of Entry: Further evidence that the thickness of the normal human tear film is about 3 micrometers.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, Fogt N, Kinney KA, and Hill RM.Publication date: January 2000Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO MeetingTitle of Entry: A tear layer of thickness 1.6 to 7.3 micrometers determined by reflectance spectra.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fogt N, Fink BA, Kinney KA, and Hill RMPublication date: January 1998Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: ARVO MeetingTitle of Entry: Is the thickness of the tear film about 40 micrometers or about 3 micrometers?RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, Fogt N, Kinney KA, and Hill RM.Publication date: January 1998Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100
  • Title of Publication: American Academy of Optometry MeetingTitle of Entry: The thickness of the tears, the corneal epithelium and Bowman's Layer derived from reflection spectra.RIV Author(s): King-Smith PE, Fink BA, Fogt N, Kinney KA, and Hill RMPublication date: January 1998Reviewed Item?: falsePercent Authorship: 100